Study Group
Enterovirus interleaved
Enterovirus interleaved
Enterovirus A
Enterovirus B
Enterovirus C
Enterovirus D
Enterovirus E
Enterovirus F
Enterovirus G
Enterovirus H
Enterovirus J
Rhinovirus A
Rhinovirus B
Rhinovirus C
Unassigned types
Combining types

New Types

Genus Enterovirus

New serotypes
New type Strain ID Species Proposer Supporting data Accession Reference(s)
EV-B73 CA55-1988 EV-B Mark Pallansch CG AF241359 Oberste et al., 2001
CA78-1480 P1 AF241361
OMA95-6498 P1 AF241362
CA54-4454 P1 AF241363
EV-B74 USA/CA75-10213 EV-B Mark Pallansch CG AY556057 Oberste et al., 2004
W553-130/99 VP1 AY208118 Norder et al., 2003
EV-B75 USA/OK85-10362 EV-B Mark Pallansch CG AY556070 Oberste et al., 2004
OK85-6388 VP1(p) AF152280 Oberste et al., 2000
CT87-7122 VP1(p) AF152254
CT87-7123 VP1(p) AF152255
VA86-6765 VP1 AF152298
FJ96-71 (China) VP1 AY570801 Yang et al., unpublished
EV-A76 FRA91-10369 EV-A Steve Oberste CG AY697458 Oberste et al., 2005
EV-B77 Lafeuille; W543-122/99 EV-B Helene Norder P1 AY208119 Norder et al., 2003
CF496-99 CG AJ493062 Bailly et al., 2004
USA/TX97-10394 CG AY843302 Oberste et al., 2007
EV-B78 Agius; W137-126/99 EV-B Helene Norder P1 AY208120 Norder et al., 2003
EV-B79 USA/CA82-10385 EV-B Steve Oberste P1 AY843309 Oberste et al., 2007
USA/CA79-10384 CG AY843297 Oberste et al., 2007
EV-B80 OMA98-10388 EV-B Steve Oberste P1 AY843310 Oberste et al., 2007
USA/CA67-10387 CG AY843298 Oberste et al., 2007
EV-B81 USA/CA68-10389 EV-B Steve Oberste CG AY843299 Oberste et al., 2007
EV-B82 USA/CA64-10390 EV-B Steve Oberste CG AY843300 Oberste et al., 2007
OMA98-10391 P1 AY843311 Oberste et al., 2007
EV-B83 USA/CA76-10392 EV-B Steve Oberste CG AY843301 Oberste et al., 2007
10505 VP1(p) AY919489 Oberste et al., 2006
10506 VP1(p) AY919490 Oberste et al., 2006
10574 VP1(p) AY919565 Oberste et al., 2006
EV-B84 CIV2003-10603 EV-B Steve Oberste CG DQ902712 Oberste et al., 2007
EV-B85 BAN00-10353 EV-B Steve Oberste CG AY843303 Oberste et al., 2007
EV-B86 BAN00-10354 EV-B Steve Oberste CG AY843304 Oberste et al., 2007
BAN99-10356 P1 AY843312 Oberste et al., 2007
10458b VP1(p) AY919444 Oberste et al., 2006
EV-B87 BAN01-10396 EV-B Steve Oberste CG AY843305 Oberste et al., 2007
EV-B88 BAN01-10398 EV-B Steve Oberste CG AY843306 Oberste et al., 2007
EV-A89 BAN00-10359 EV-A Steve Oberste CG AY697459 Oberste et al., 2005
BAN00-10360 P1 AY697472 Oberste et al., 2005
3D(p) AY697500 Oberste et al., 2005
EV-A90 BAN99-10399 EV-A* Steve Oberste CG AY697460 Oberste et al., 2005
F950027 (Netherlands) CG AY773285 van den Broek et al., unpublished
CAM1956 (Cambodia) CG AB192877 Shimizu et al., unpublished
EV-A91 BAN00-10406 EV-A* Steve Oberste CG AY697461 Oberste et al., 2005
BAN99-10407 P1 AY697476 Oberste et al., 2005
3D(p) AY697507 Oberste et al., 2005
EV-A92 USA/GA99-RJg-7 (monkey) EV-A Steve Oberste CG EF667344 Oberste et al., unpublished
EV-B93 38-03 (DR Congo) EV-B Helene Norder VP3(p)+VP1+2A(p) EF127244 Junttila et al., 2007
EV-D94 E210 (Egypt) EV-D Merja Roivainen CG DQ916376 Smura et al., 2007
EV-C95 5-05 EV-C Helene Norder VP1 n/a Norder et al., unpublished
EV-C96 SVK03-24 EV-C Merja Roivainen VP1 EF364404 Smura et al., 2007
10488 VP1 AY919472 Oberste et al., 2006
10548c VP1(p) AY919538 Oberste et al., 2006
EV-B97 FIN03-2875 EV-B Merja Roivainen VP1 EF364397 Smura et al., 2007
BAN99-10355 CG AY843307 Oberste et al., 2007
10533b VP1 AY919521 Oberste et al., 2006
10570b VP1 AY919561 Oberste et al., 2006
EV-B98 T92-1499 EV-B Teruo Yamashita CG AB426608 Yamashita et al., unpublished
EV-C99 10461-ban00 EV-C Mark Pallansch VP1 AY919447 Oberste et al., 2006
EV-B100 BAN2000-10500 EV-B Steve Oberste CG DQ902713 Oberste et al., 2007
VP1 AY919484 Oberste et al., 2006
EV-B101 CIV03-10361 EV-B Steve Oberste CG AY843308 Oberste et al., 2007
EV-C102 10424-BAN99 EV-C Mark Pallansch VP1 AY919409 Oberste et al., 2006
EV-J103 USA/GA99-POo-1 (monkey) EV-J Mark Pallansch CG FJ007373 Oberste et al., 2008
EV-C104 CL-1231094 FL EV-C Caroline Tapparel CG EU840733 Tapparel et al., 2009
EV-C105 TW/NTU07-1841 EV-C Hui Ling Cheng &
Chuan Liang Kao
VP1 n/a Cheng et al., unpublished
34S/DRC/2010 CG JX514943 Lukashev et al., 2012
EV-B106 BAN2001-10634 EV-B Steve Oberste VP1 n/a Oberste et al., unpublished
EV-B107 TN94-0349 EV-B Teruo Yamashita CG AB426609 Yamashita et al., unpublished
EV-J108 N125 EV-J Nick Knowles CG AF414372 Oberste et al, 2007
N203 CG AF414373 Oberste et al, 2007
EV-C109 NICA08-4327 EV-C Nathan Yozwiak CG GQ865517 Yozwiak et al., 2010
EV-B110 LM1861 (chimpanzee) EV-B Heli Harvala VP1 JF416934 Harvala et al., 2011
EV-D111 KK2640 (chimpanzee) EV-D Heli Harvala VP1 JF416935 Harvala et al., 2011
17-04 VP1(p)+2A(p) EF127249 Junttila et al., 2007
EV-J112 BAN-11217 (monkey) EV-J Steve Oberste VP1 n/a Oberste et al., unpub.
EV-C113 BAN-11609 EV-C Steve Oberste VP1 n/a Oberste et al., unpub.
EV-A114 BAN-11610 EV-A Steve Oberste VP1 n/a Oberste et al., unpub.
EV-J115 BAN-11617 (monkey) EV-J Steve Oberste VP1 n/a Oberste et al., unpub.
EV-C116 126/Russia/2010 EV-C Alexander Lukashev
& Olga Trotsenko
CG JX514942 Lukashev et al., 2012
EV-C117 LIT22 (Lithuania/2011) EV-C Cristina Daleno, Alessia Scala,
Antonio Piralla, Susanna Esposito
& Nicola Principi
CG JX262382 Daleno et al., 2012
EV-C118 ISR10 (Israel/2011) EV-C Cristina Daleno, Nicola Principi
& Susanna Esposito
VP1 JQ768163 Daleno et al., unpub. data
EV-A119 09C13CMR (Cameroon) EV-A Helene Norder VP2(p)to 2A(p) KC787153 Ayukekbong et al., unpub.
EV-D120 6201 (gorilla; Cameroon)
6182 (gorilla; Cameroon)
EV-D Heli Harvala VP1 n/a
Harvala et al., unpub.
EV-J121 CHE20 (wild chimpanzee; Cameroon) EV-J Serge Sadeuh-Mba &
Francis Delpeyroux
VP3(p)+VP1+2A(p) n/a unpublished
EV-122 RCMH5 (wild monkey; Cameroon)
RCMH6 (wild monkey; Cameroon)
unassigned Serge Sadeuh-Mba &
Francis Delpeyroux
VP3(p)+VP1+2A(p) n/a unpublished
EV-123 RCMH3 (wild monkey; Cameroon)
RCMH7 (wild monkey; Cameroon)
unassigned Serge Sadeuh-Mba &
Francis Delpeyroux
VP3(p)+VP1+2A(p) n/a unpublished
15/05/2013: No more interleaved serotype numbers will be issued.
Please see the individual species pages for new serotype designations.

* but has a PV/HEV-C/HEV-D-like 5' UTR.
n/a, not available yet.
CG, complete genome sequence
(p), partial sequence
prototype strains are shown in bold type


Bailly, J.L., Cardoso, M.C. and Peigue-Lafeuille H. (2004). Isolation and identification of an enterovirus 77 recovered from a refugee child from Kosovo, and characterization of the complete virus genome. Virus Res. 99: 147-155.
Blomqvist S, Savolainen C, Raman L, Roivainen M, Hovi T. (2002). Human rhinovirus 87 and enterovirus 68 represent a unique serotype with rhinovirus and enterovirus features. J Clin Microbiol. 40: 4218-4223.
Brown, B., Oberste, M.S., Maher, K. and, Pallansch, M.A. (2003). Complete genomic sequencing shows that polioviruses and members of human enterovirus species C are closely related in the noncapsid coding region. J. Virol. 77: 8973-8984.
Daleno, C., Piralla, A., Scala, A., Baldanti, F., Usonis, V., Principi, N. and Esposito, S. (2012). Complete genome sequence of a novel human enterovirus C (HEV-C117) identified in a child with community-acquired pneumonia. J. Virol. 86: 10888-10889.
Junttila, N., Leveque, N., Kabue, J.P., Cartet, G., Mushiya, F., Muyembe-Tamfum, J.J., Trompette, A., Lina, B., Magnius, L.O., Chomel, J.J. and Norder, H. (2007). New enteroviruses, EV-93 and EV-94, associated with acute flaccid paralysis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. J. Med. Virol. 79: 393-400.
Ishiko, H., Miura, R., Shimada, Y., Hayashi, A., Nakajima, H., Yamazaki, S. and Takeda, N. (2002). Human rhinovirus 87 identified as human enterovirus 68 by VP4-based molecular diagnosis. Intervirology 45: 136-141.
Liu et al., 2000
Lukashev, A.N., Drexler, J.F., Kotova, V.O., Amjaga, E.N., Reznik, V.I., Gmyl, A.P., Grard, G., Tay Taty, R., Trotsenko, O.E., Leroy, E.M. and Drosten, C. (2012). Novel types 105 and 116 are members of distinct subgroups of Human enterovirus C. J. Gen. Virol., in press.
Norder, H., Bjerregaard, L., Magnius, L., Lina, B., Aymard, M. and Chomel, J.J. (2003). Sequencing of 'untypable' enteroviruses reveals two new types, EV-77 and EV-78, within human enterovirus type B and substitutions in the BC loop of the VP1 protein for known types. J. Gen. Virol. 84: 827-836.
Oberste, M.S., Maher, K., Kilpatrick, D.R. and Pallansch, M.A. (1999). Molecular evolution of the human enteroviruses: correlation of serotype with VP1 sequence and application to picornavirus classification. J. Virol. 73: 1941-1948.
Oberste et al, 2002
Oberste, M.S., Michele, S.M., Maher, K., Schnurr, D., Cisterna, D., Juntilla, N., Uddin, M., Chomel, J.J., Lau, C.S., Ridha, W., al-Busaidy, S., Norder, H., Magnius, L.O. and Pallansch, M.A. (2004). Molecular identification and characterization of two proposed new enterovirus serotypes, EV74 and EV75. J. Gen. Virol. 85: 3205-3212.
Oberste, M.S., Maher, K., Michele, S.M., Belliot, G., Uddin, M. and Pallansch, M.A. (2005). Enteroviruses 76, 89, 90 and 91 represent a novel group within the species Human enterovirus A. J. Gen. Virol. 86: 445-451.
Oberste, M.S., Maher, K., Williams, A.J., Dybdahl-Sissoko, N., Brown, B.A., Gookin, M.S., Penaranda, S., Mishrik, N., Uddin, M. and Pallansch, M.A. (2006). Species-specific RT-PCR amplification of human enteroviruses: a tool for rapid species identification of uncharacterized enteroviruses J. Gen. Virol. 87: 119-128.
Oberste, M.S., Maher, K., Nix, W.A., Michele, S.M., Uddin, M., Schnurr, D., al-Busaidy, S., Akoua-Koffi, C. and Pallansch, M.A. (2007). Molecular identification of 13 new enterovirus types, EV79-88, EV97, and EV100-101, members of the species Human Enterovirus B. Virus Res. 128: 34-42.
Savolainen, C., Blomqvist, S., Mulders, M.N. and Hovi, T. (2002). Genetic clustering of all 102 human rhinovirus prototype strains: serotype 87 is close to human enterovirus 70. J. Gen. Virol. 83: 333-340.

Smura, T.P., Juanttila, N., Blomqvist, S., Norder, H., Kaijalainen, S., Paananen, A., Magnius, L.O., Hovi, T. and Roivainen, M. (2007). Enterovirus 94, a proposed new serotype in human enterovirus species D. J. Gen. Virol. 88: 849-858.

Tapparel, C., Junier, T., Gerlach, D., Van-Belle, S., Turin, L., Cordey, S., Mühlemann, K., Regamey, N., Aubert, J.D., Soccal, P.M., Eigenmann, P., Zdobnov, E. and Kaiser, L. (2009). New respiratory enterovirus and recombinant rhinoviruses among circulating picornaviruses. Emerg. Infect Dis. 15: 719-726.
van den Broek, P., Shimizu, H., Maas, J., Li, C., Utama, A., Miyamura, T., Luken, M., Beld, M., Berkhout, B., van der Hoek, L. and Mang, R. A novel human enterovirus serotype in fecal samples from HIV-1 infected persons and patients with acute flaccid paralysis. Unpublished.
Yang, X.-H., Pang, W.-Y.,  Xu, W.-B.,  Mao, N.-Y. and Yan, Y.-S. A preliminary study on a suspicious new type enteroviruses. Unpublished. [EPI, Fujian CDC, 76 Jing Tai Road, FuZhou, Fujian 350001, China]